Hey there. It's Farrah again with Part II of our History lesson. This part will cover photo tips to make life a little easier with less editing later.
Tips for great photos
1. Exposure triangle -
- ISO is the camera's sensitivity to light. the higher the ISO is the brighter the photo will be, the lower the ISO is the darker the photo will be (assuming other settings don't change). Increasing the ISO can be very useful for taking photos in low-light settings, but a high ISO also produces photos with more noise/graininess.
- Aperture reflects the size of the lens opening that lets light into the camera. Aperture is expressed in “f-stop” numbers like "f/2.8." The smaller the f-stop, the larger or wider the aperture is. The larger the aperture/lens opening is, the larger the amount of light let in and the brighter the photo will be (assuming other settings don't change). The smaller the aperture/lens opening is, the smaller the amount of light let in. The aperture also determines the amount of the photo that is in focus (depth of field). A very small aperture will keep everything in the frame in focus. But a large aperture opening will make only a small section of the photo in focus.
- Shutter speed is the setting that determines how long the camera shutter remains open to let light in. The faster the shutter speed, the darker the photo will be, and the slower the shutter speed, the brighter the photo will be (assuming other settings aren't changed). Shutter speed is also important for capturing motion; a slow shutter speed will capture any movement (intentional or not) as blurring, while a fast shutter speed will "freeze" a moment of that motion clearly.
2. LIGHT- every photographer knows that light is the biggest key to great photos. Always be aware of where your light is coming from, whether it is natural or artificial light, whether it comes from in front, the side, or even behind the subject. Know your light and use it to your advantage!
3. De-clutter – The best way to feature your subject is to make sure the background is free from clutter. Watch your angles and watch the details in your background.
4. Rule of thirds – Often times, we’re tempted to just point and shoot so we don’t miss anything, but that also means that a lot of times our subjects are smack dab in the middle of the frame. If we take a moment to shift our camera so that the subject is around the outer 3rd of the frame, it can draw interest to the photo. Another idea is to crop it later when adding it to a layout. This is especially helpful with fast moving pets, kids, or those moments you can’t afford to miss.
5. Think outside the box - see things from a new angle or see them in a new way. Sometimes the best moments are spontaneous, so be ready to grab them when you can!
It's great to remember and practice the rules and tips and I recommend even more in-depth photography lessons if you want to really improve, however; it can be easy to get caught up in the skills and forget to capture moments as they happen. Don't be afraid to put you camera on Auto. Have fun! Remember that we scrapbook for our selves and our families. While you’re practicing your photo skills, always remember to have a great time and take photos and make the most of them. So what if a shot is out of focus, but it brings a smile to your face. It’s your scrapbook and if you love it, GO WITH IT!
Your homework assignment for this part is to make a layout with a NEW photo. You can practice your skills or just capture a moment in history, but the photo MUST BE NEW. Please post the original photo along with your layout.
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